The New Knowledge Resources hub houses links and descriptions of innovative databases and initiatives as well as resources from organisations and institutions across the globe aiming to assist governments, academics, practitioners, experts, and stakeholders from civil society and the private sector in efforts to address climate change.



Climate Instrument Resources



UNFCCC Official Documents Database

This database allows to search documents of the COP, CMP, Subsidiary Bodies and Ad Hoc Working Groups by topic, key word, document type, country and meeting/session. The UNFCCC website also includes a page that provides links to the core texts and mile stones of the UN climate regime.



The Global Climate Legislation Database

This database compiled by the Grantham Research Institute and the London School of Economics provides an extensive collection of national and regional climate legislation that is searchable among others by region, country, year, framework legislation and themes such as adaptation, carbon pricing, energy demand and supply, institutional arrangements and more. The database also offers a section that reports on the latest developments here.


Climate Change Laws of the World - Columbia Law Database

This database provides country profiles detailing domestic climate legislations, policies and initiatives, as well as membership to different international agreements relating to climate of a wide range of countries.


Ecolex - Global Database on Environmental Law

This joint project by FAO, IUCN and UNEP provides a comprehensive database of treaties, COP decisions, legislation, court decision and literature that offers a keyword search as well as multiple filters including subject, country, year and different filters depending on the type of instrument chosen.


Climate Action Tracker

This website records the emission comments and actions of states including national pledges, targets and INDCs, and currently implemented policy to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.



UNEP Guidebook on National Legislation for Adaptation to Climate Change (2011)

This UNEP report is intended to provide guidance to governments on how to add measures to adapt to the negative consequences of climate change into their national regulatory and institutional framework based on lessons derived from pilot projects in South East Asian countries.


The Role of Legal Instruments to Support Green Low-Emission and Climate-Resilient Development: A Guidebook on Assessing, Selecting and Implementing Legal Instruments (2013)

This guidebook, developed by UNEP and UNDP, is intended as a tool to assist governments in determining and implementing the appropriate legal framework and instruments for green low carbon resilience development strategies.



For more resources also see also our International Law on Climate Change Hub.


Climate Justice Resources


Climate Justice

The Glasgow Caledonian University Centre for Climate Justice is currently compiling a searchable repository that contains more than 1000 articles and is aimed at becoming the primary resource hub for topics relating to climate justice.


UNHCR on Climate Change and HR

This website provides links to Human Rights Council resolutions on human rights and climate change, reports published by the Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, as well as other studies and events in the area.


Human Rights Principles and Climate Change by John H. Knox (2014)

In this article Knox, UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights and the Environment, considers the extent to which climate change interferes with the enjoyment of human rights and the current obligations of states to address climate change.


Achieving Justice and Human Rights in an Era of Climate Disruption by IBA Presidential Task Force on Climate Change Justice and Human Rights (2014)

This report analyses the gaps and difficulties of the existing (international) institutional and legal regime and makes proposals to national and international policy-makers concerning reforms and measures for preventing and mitigating adverse climate change impacts and protecting those who are the most vulnerable.


Climate justice: Equity and justice informing a new climate agreement by Edward Cameron, Tara Shine, and Wendi Bevins (2013)

This working paper, published by MRFCJ and WRI, analyses different aspects of (in)justices involved in climate change and the role of justice in climate negotiations and social movements.


Climate Finance Resources


Climate Fund Inventory Database

The OECD has compiled the different bilateral and multilateral public climate funds into a database searchable by field (e.g., adaptation, mitigation, REDD, capacity-building) and type of fund. It is intended to help countries to determine which funds they may be eligible for.


Initiatives Tracking Climate Finance

In addition to providing an overview of climate finance funds, the Climate Funds Update website – a joint initiative of the Heinrich Böll Stiftung and the Overseas Development Institute – also provides an overview of initiatives tracking climate finance.


Climate Finance Fundamentals

The Overseas Development Institute drafted a series of short briefings to help newcomers to understand the basics of climate change financing. The briefs cover topics such as the principles of public climate finance; the emerging global climate finance architecture; and address the instruments, needs and actual funding amounts in the action areas of adaptation, mitigation and forest protection (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, REDD+). 


Trade And Climate Change - WTO-UNEP Report: National Policies to Mitigate, and Adapt to, Climate Change, and their Trade Implications (2009)

Trade and climate change interact and influence each other on multiple levels. This comprehensive report looks at the intersection between the two regimes and considers options for policy-makers to ensure that the areas are mutually supportive.


International Investment Law and Climate Change: Issues in the Transition to a Low Carbon World by Kate Miles (2008)

While addressing climate change offers many opportunities for investment, claims brought under international investment law can hinder efforts to transition to a low carbon society. In her article, Miles examines the interaction between the two areas and makes proposals as to how international investment law can better accommodate climate change concerns.


Climate Litigation Resources


Litigation Chart

Columbia law school has compiled this wide-ranging chart of climate change case law organised by both claim and case name.


Cases Database

This Climate Law database by the Initiative of Climate Justice Programme includes one section dedicated to recording different instances of climate change litigation which are searchable by country and topic.


Issues in Climate Change Litigation by Jaqueline Peel (2012)

In her article Peel analyses common issues arising in climate change litigations including problems of proof, of dealing with cumulative and indirect impacts, and of establishing a significant contribution to global warming, as well as issues surrounding the respective roles of courts and legislatures in developing a regulatory response to the problem of climate change.


Limiting Dangerous Climate Change: The Critical Role of Citizen Suits and Domestic Courts—Despite the Paris Agreement by David Estrin (2016)

Estrin analyses recent suits relating to climate change that were brought in front of domestic courts as well as human rights conditions and their implications and importance.


Climate Justice: The International Momentum Towards Climate Litigation (2016) - Keely Boom, Julie-Anne Richards and Stephen Leonard

This report analyses the shortcomings of the Paris Agreement, in particular focusing on the problems with loss and damage under the existing regimes. It records the increasing number of climate litigation cases across the globe and draws lessons from litigation in other sectors to derive lessons for the climate change regime.


Taking Climate Justice Into Our Own Hands: A Model Climate Compensation Act by Andrew Gage and Margaretha Wewerinke (2015)

This report illustrates how courts and national governments can use principles of private international law to take action against fossil fuel polluters. It also includes a proposal for a Climate Compensation Act that clarifies principles of liability for large-scale greenhouse gas emitters, and could be enacted by countries around the world.




The above is a selection based on the work of legal researchers at the Climate Law Governance Initiative, of some of the best open access online resources currently available. To propose further resources to be featured at this site, a new category or other suggestions please email us at